IV.A.2     Cyber Resilience

A challenge for cyber resilience is maintaining operations despite ever-changing risks (e.g., malware, data or system destruction and corruption, and communications infrastructure disruption). The sophistication and frequency of cyber attacks increase the potential for disruption and destruction of data and systems. Given the broad and increasing spectrum of cyber threats, resilience measures should be flexible enough to adapt to a diverse range of events. For example, a cyber attack could impact both production and backup facilities simultaneously, potentially rendering both inoperable, whether hosted internally or by a third-party service provider.

In addition, adversaries may initiate a secondary disruption (e.g., the original disruption could be the impact of a hurricane with the secondary disruption being false transactions or accessing sensitive data). Alternatively, adversaries can launch simultaneous attacks (e.g., a distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack combined with a wire transfer compromise). Therefore, management should adhere to established security and privacy policies and processes to comply with applicable regulations, even during disruptive events.


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IV.A.3 Data Backup and Replication