Welcome » IT Booklets » Development and Acquisition » Project Management » Project Plans
Planning activities are the most critical aspect of project
management due to the high number of interrelated project tasks.
Poor planning often contributes to projects failing to meet
expectations. Therefore, examiners must carefully assess the
adequacy of an organization's project planning activities.
Examiners should focus their assessments on management's ability to
develop and employ project plans that are appropriately tailored to
match a project's characteristics and risks.
The initiation phase is when a project request is submitted.
Requests should justify the rationale for a project (present a
business case), identify desired system features and, to the extent
possible, define the overall project scope. The scope of a project
includes ancillary items such as information requirements, network
interfaces, and hardware components that support and interact with
a requested product. Management should determine if the business
case justifies the project scope (by considering issues such as
tangible and intangible benefits, estimated costs, projected
return-on-investment, etc.) and decide if the project is feasible.
If management approves a request, the scope documentation serves as
the basis for developing the project plan.
Project plans refine the scope documentation by further
identifying the specific activities and resources required to
complete a project. Plans should address project work activities
and project management activities. Work activity planning involves
organizing project teams, scheduling tasks, allocating resources,
etc. Project management planning involves establishing project and
risk management procedures, documenting project objectives and
assumptions, defining documentation and reporting standards,
Formal project plans should include: