Welcome » IT Booklets » Development and Acquisition » Appendix B: Glossary
A D F L M N O P S
AApplication - A software program designed for use by end users.DDatabase - A collection of data that is stored on any type of computer storage medium and may be used for more than one purpose.Distributed environment - A computer system with data and program components physically distributed across more than one computer.FFlowcharts - Traditional flowcharts involve the use of geometric symbols, such as diamonds, ovals, and rectangles to represent the sequencing of program logic. Software packages are available that automatically chart programs or enable a programmer to chart a program without the need to draw it manually.Functional requirements - The business, operational, and security features an organization wants included in a program.LLAN - Local Area Network.MMetric - A quantitative measurement.Milestone - A major project event.NNetwork - Two or more computer systems that are grouped together to share information, software, and hardware.OObject code - Software program instructions compiled (translated) from source code into machine-readable formats.Operating system - A system that supports and manages software applications. Operating systems allocate system resources, provide access and security controls, maintain file systems, and manage communications between end users and hardware devices.Outsourcing - The practice of contracting with another entity to perform services that might otherwise be conducted in-house. Contracted relationship with a third party to provide services, systems, or support.PPhase - A project segment.Project - A task involving the acquisition, development, or maintenance of a technology product.Project management - Planning, monitoring, and controlling an activity.SScript - A file containing active content; for example, commands or instructions to be executed by the computer.Security log - A record that contains login and logout activity and other security-related events and that is used to track security-related information on a computer system. Source code - Software program instructions written in a format (language) readable by humans.Spiral development - An iterative project management model that focuses on the identification of project and product risks and the selection of project management techniques that best control the identified risks.Systems development life cycle (SDLC) process - The scope of activities associated with a system, encompassing the system’s initiation, development and acquisition, implementation, operation and maintenance, and ultimately its disposal that instigates another system initiation.