Welcome » IT Booklets » Development and Acquisition » Appendix B: Glossary
A B C D E F I L M N O P R S
AAcceptance Criteria - Pre-established standards or requirements a product or project must meet.Application - Software that performs automated functions for a user. Examples include home banking, word processing and payroll. Distinguished from operating system or utility software. Automated Controls - Software routines designed into programs to ensure the validity, accuracy, completeness, and availability of input, processed, and stored data.BBaseline - A documented version of a hardware component, software program, configuration, standard, procedure, or project management plan. Baseline versions are placed under formal change controls and should not be modified unless the changes are approved and documented.CCode - Software program instructions.DDatabase - A database represents the collection of data that is stored on any type of computer storage medium and may be used for more than one purpose.Distributed Environment - A computer system with data and program components physically distributed across more than one computer.EEnterprise Architecture - The configuration of computer systems within an organization. Includes local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), bridges, applications, etc.FFlowcharts - Traditional flowcharts involve the use of geometric symbols, such as diamonds, ovals, and rectangles to represent the sequencing of program logic. Software packages are available that automatically chart programs or enable a programmer to chart a program without the need to draw it manually.Functional Requirements - The business, operational, and security features an organization wants included in a program.IImplementation Plan - A plan that details project management requirements and issues to be addressed during the period between the execution of an outsourcing agreement and the full production use of the outsourced services.LLAN - Local Area Network.MMetrics - A quantitative measurement.Milestone - Major project event.NNetwork - Two or more computer systems that are grouped together to share information, software, and hardware.OObject Code - Software program instructions compiled (translated) from source code into machine-readable formats.Operating System - Programs that collectively manage application programs. Operating systems allocate system resources, provide access and security controls, maintain file systems, and manage communications between end users and hardware devices.Outsourcing - The practice of contracting with another entity to perform services that might otherwise be conducted in-house. Contracted relationship with a third party to provide services, systems, or support.PPhase - A project segment.Project - A task involving the acquisition, development or maintenance of a technology product.RRisk Management - The total process required to identify, control, and minimize the impact of uncertain events. The objective of a risk management program is to reduce risk and obtain and maintain appropriate management approval.SScript - A file containing active content; for example, commands or instructions to be executed by the computer.SDLC - Systems Development Life Cycle. A project management technique.Source Code - Software program instructions written in a format (language) readable by humans.Spiral Development - An iterative project management model that focuses on the identification of project and product risks and the selection of project management techniques that best control the identified risks.